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战斗并未结束,肺癌术后我们还需要担心转移?为什么?

bwin必赢国际

许多癌症患者对手术很有信心。在他们看来,只要病变或肿瘤被移除,就可以一劳永逸地完成,但在医生看来,这不是真的。

因为手术只能去除医生肉眼可见的肿瘤组织,并且血液中或原发肿瘤周围存在的隐形癌细胞不能被移除,所以它们留在患者体内并继续生长和浸润。这也是术后癌症复发和转移的主要原因,加上术后机体免疫力差,及时营养不足等因素,也可导致肿瘤复发和转移。

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根据临床研究,癌症复发后,它将走到最前沿,治疗将更加困难,这将直接影响患者的生存。因此,如何预防癌症手术后的复发和转移是癌症患者必须高度重视的问题。

“肿瘤已被切除。为什么我们仍然害怕它?为什么有些患者仍有转移?”事实上,国外已经研究了肿瘤转移的机制,并且有各种各样的理论。

我们最简单,最易理解的理论来自两个方面。

(1)癌症干细胞被移除了吗?

肺癌病变,如果我们将其切除,那么最原始的肿瘤细胞(我们通常称为癌症干细胞)仍然缺失?是肿瘤病变还是肿瘤病灶外?如果它在肿瘤病变之外,则切除病灶实际上是无效的。

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(2)肿瘤细胞会游泳吗?

肿瘤细胞可能在其早期阶段发生了变化。除了肿瘤病变外,在附近的淋巴结中,还有血液中游动的肿瘤细胞。这些肿瘤细胞将游到其他器官,变形,沉积并粘附到其他器官上以形成肿瘤病变。

Therefore, the tumor is most likely to be transferred to the four organs, the liver, the brain, the bones, and the adrenal glands. It is traveled through the vascular path, often between one year and one and a half years after surgery.

Due to the current clinical, no early detection of reliable recurrence and metastasis has been found.

Therefore, whether it is early cancer patients or advanced cancer patients, in order to detect recurrence and metastasis early, it is necessary to conduct regular review and follow-up of the disease. This will help the patient's long-term survival rate and control the progress of the disease.

Even with radical surgery and standardized chemotherapy, the probability of lung cancer recurrence and metastasis is relatively high. On-the-spot follow-up and review, on the one hand, can understand the physical condition of the patient after surgery, on the other hand, can find signs of recurrence or metastasis in time, so that doctors can timely establish corresponding treatment measures and programs.

It is recommended that cancer patients undergo a tumor review every three months in the first three years after surgery, every six months in the fourth to fifth years, and annually after the fifth year. The content of the review will vary depending on the patient's condition and the specific conditions of the hospital's testing equipment.

Cancer patients undergoing surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy are very weak and need to supplement energy and nutrition to help the body recover. The overall dietary principle is scientific and reasonable, balanced, light and delicious, and a combination of vegetarian and vegetarian.

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Many cancer patients mistakenly believe that supplemental meat and other nutrients are "feeding" tumors, so rejecting amaranth and only vegetarians will make the body lack of nutrients such as protein and other organs.

Not only is it not conducive to the recovery of the body, but it also leads to insufficient "raw materials" for repairing postoperative wounds, and the immunity will continue to decrease, thereby increasing the risk of infection, which is not worth the candle.

xx此外,除了及时复查外,确诊肺癌的患者还应注意术后康复,姑息和镇痛治疗,并应进行生理,心理,营养和运动指导,以最大限度地提高患病后的生活质量。

在患者康复期间,最好戒烟并戒酒。在日常生活中,你还应该摄入足够的谷物,豆类,水果和蔬菜,少吃卡路里,不要喝含糖饮料,避免吃加工过的肉类。食物类。

我是胸外科医生,陈振光。主要诊断和治疗肺结节,肺癌,食道癌,严重肌无力等疾病。

如果您有肺结节或肺癌问题,请注意标题和私信,我会与您联系,对于我可以帮助的朋友,我会通过视频或会议与您沟通。

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